One of the most extraordinary documents on show is Memo 173-42. It is dated 13 July 1942 and marked “secret”.
“The occupying authorities,” it reads, “have decided upon the arrest and grouping together of a certain number of foreign Jews.”
Over nine pages, the head of the Paris police details his orders for the enactment of the Holocaust on French soil.
Three days later, a few hours before dawn on 16 July, French police operating in groups of two (one in uniform, one in plain clothes and accompanied by a German soldier), arrested more than 13,000 Parisian Jews.